Urinary2011

Urinary2011 - MORPHOLOGY OF THE URINARY TRACT Stuart...

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Stuart Meyers, DVM, PhD Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology 2319 Haring Hall, 752-9511 [email protected] MORPHOLOGY OF THE URINARY TRACT
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Functions of the Kidney [filtration of blood to urine] Elimination of waste products from metabolic processes Regulation of fluid and salt balance Regulation of blood volume / pressure Renin-angiotensin system Erythropoietin (EPO) source (increase RBC production) Calciferol / Calcitriol / Vitamin D
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Regulation of fluid and salt balance Terrestrial animals Aquatic animals
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uricotelism ammonotelism ureotelism
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Embryological Development of the Urogenital System
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Pronephric Urinary System Mesonephric Urinary System Metanephric Urinary System
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5- week human embryo
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PAIRED KIDNEYS PAIRED URETERS SINGLE BLADDER SINGLE URETHRA Mammalian URINARY SYSTEM (not shown) Dyce et al. 2002. Fig. 14-19
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Lower Urinary System components ureter (transport) urinary bladder (storage) urethra (excretion) Upper Urinary System Components Kidney Renal pelvis No alteration of urine composition exception: horse has ureteral mucous cells
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Dyce et al. 2002. Fig. 5-2 FEMALE URINARY SYSTEM 2. ureter (paired) 3. urinary bladder 9. urethra 10. vestibule
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17 Dyce et al. 2002. Fig. 5-1 8. Ductus deferens 17. Pelvic and penile urethra Penile bulb 9. Prostate gland MALE URINARY SYSTEM
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course APC 100 taught by Professor Kelliewhited during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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Urinary2011 - MORPHOLOGY OF THE URINARY TRACT Stuart...

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