{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

midterm paper - Margaret Derby CMLT 2220 Bramlett Candide...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Margaret Derby October 22, 2010 CMLT 2220 Bramlett Candide : The Cynicism of Optimism The 18 th century saw the birth of a philosophical movement that revolutionized not only the intellectual conceptions of the day, but also permeated political and social institutions. Also known as the Age of Reason, the Enlightenment was full of thinkers and philosophers that brought new ideas to the table and encouraged people to think outside of the normal ideas of the time. The era’s premiere thinkers rejected norms as irrational tradition, and attempted to use pure reason to better their world. In this atmosphere, Francios-Marie Arouet De Voltaire wrote his famous satirical novel Candide . Though an Enlightenment thinker himself, he rejected some of his contemporaries’ ideas. In particular, he disagreed with Gottfired Leibniz who believed that God is perfect and created the world, therefore that world must be perfect. In his novel, Voltaire uses irony to mock Leibniz’s optimistic views and some of the more extreme implications of Enlightenment thought. The novel begins with the introduction of Dr. Pangloss, the eponymous Candide’s personal tutor and the “oracle of the household” (378). Pangloss’ philosophy on life is that
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern