midterm paper - Margaret Derby October 22, 2010 CMLT 2220...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Margaret Derby October 22, 2010 CMLT 2220 Bramlett Candide : The Cynicism of Optimism The 18 th century saw the birth of a philosophical movement that revolutionized not only the intellectual conceptions of the day, but also permeated political and social institutions. Also known as the Age of Reason, the Enlightenment was full of thinkers and philosophers that brought new ideas to the table and encouraged people to think outside of the normal ideas of the time. The era’s premiere thinkers rejected norms as irrational tradition, and attempted to use pure reason to better their world. In this atmosphere, Francios-Marie Arouet De Voltaire wrote his famous satirical novel Candide . Though an Enlightenment thinker himself, he rejected some of his contemporaries’ ideas. In particular, he disagreed with Gottfired Leibniz who believed that God is perfect and created the world, therefore that world must be perfect. In his novel, Voltaire uses irony to mock Leibniz’s optimistic views and some of the more extreme implications of Enlightenment thought. The novel begins with the introduction of Dr. Pangloss, the eponymous Candide’s personal tutor and the “oracle of the household” (378). Pangloss’ philosophy on life is that “things cannot be otherwise than they are, for since everything is made to serve an end
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course CMLT 2111 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

Page1 / 4

midterm paper - Margaret Derby October 22, 2010 CMLT 2220...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online