INS10001 A2 - Essay.docx - RUNNING HEADER Rikki McKie...

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RUNNING HEADER Rikki McKie Student No. 100 566 719 INS10001: Connecting with Culture: Indigenous Australian Perspectives Assignment 2: Research Essay eLA: Liza Warwick Word limit: 2000 (+/- 10%) Due: 11/5/2020 “The notion of there being a ‘Stolen Generations’ in Australia is a fallacy” 1
INS10001: CONNECTING WITH CULTURE: INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIAN PERSPECTIVES A2: RESEARCH ESSAY RIKKI MCKIE 100566719 This essay strongly opposes the statement that the notion of there being a Stolen Generations in Australia is a fallacy. The forcible removal of Aboriginal children known as the Stolen Generations was just one of many attempts by British settlers to diminish the Aboriginal population. Colonisation and the very way in which it was carried out is discussed before an explanation of why Aboriginal children were taken from their families. Accounts of how the removals took place from the colonial perspective is outlined and the policies and legislations that supported these practices have been identified. Experiences of the Aboriginal children forcibly removed are discussed and details of their experiences in institutions and foster homes have been expressed. The national inquiry into the separation of Aboriginal children from their families has been discussed including the refusal to carry out the recommendations of the report by the Australian Government at the time. The notion of the Stolen Generations being a fallacy has been entertained briefly with opinions of both the leader of the Australian Government at the time of the Bringing them Home report [BTHR] and of an academic, however, overwhelming evidence has been found to discredit this opinion. Finally, the effects of forced separation are discussed including attachment theory and intergenerational trauma. By declaring Terra Nullius upon arrival to Australia, Captain James Cook had no regard for the Aboriginal people he encountered (Parbury, 1999). When Governor Phillip invaded Australia with orders to create a colony, he disregarded advice to work alongside Aboriginal people, instead, taking violent action against them with several massacres (Parbury, 1999). As the Aboriginal people showed resistance, the violence and brutality only increased (Parbury, 1999). This was only the beginning of what was to be a continuous stream of degradation, racism, inhumanity, death and heartbreak for the Aboriginal people, all in the name of British colonisation (Parbury, 1999). Battles over land, food and water ensued 2
INS10001: CONNECTING WITH CULTURE: INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIAN PERSPECTIVES A2: RESEARCH ESSAY RIKKI MCKIE 100566719 and Aboriginal people were soon forced off their land (Commonwealth of Australia, 1997). The dispossession of Aboriginal Australians during colonisation was justified by the settlers’ discourse, that Aboriginal people were roamers, nomadic, unsettled and that they could use the land better than the Aboriginals could (Wolfe, 2006). This mentality drove colonisation in Australia which ultimately led to practices of assimilation, one of these being the Stolen Generations (Wolfe, 2006). From the 1850’s, colonial governments made a concerted effort to

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