EOCT Review- Cells and Organic Compounds

EOCT Review- Cells and Organic Compounds - materials to...

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EOCT R EVIEW - O RGANIC M OLECULES AND C ELLS 1. All organic compounds contain the element _____________________. 2. There are 4 types of macromolecules. List them: 3. Complete the table below: Macromolecule Building Block Function Examples Carbohydrate Protein Lipid Nucleic Acid 4. ____________ are types of ____________ that help to speed up chemical reactions by lowering the ______________________________. 5. There are _____ ___ types of amino acids. 6. True or False: Enzymes are used up during reactions and can never be used again. 7. Enzymes act on __________________ and they undergo chemical changes to form new substances called ____________.
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8. There are two types of cells. List the two types, the difference between the two, and examples of each. 9. The plasma membrane is ________________________, meaning that is allows certain
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Unformatted text preview: materials to pass through the cell while keeping others out. 10. There are two types of cellular transport: _____________________________ & _________________________. 11. What are two differences between the two types of transport you listed in question #10? 12.There are three types of passive transport. Next to their names, give a brief description: a. Diffusion: b. Osmosis: c. Facilitated Diffusion: 13. There are two types of active transport. Next to their names, give a brief description: a. Endocytosis: b. Exocytosis: On the cells below, label the organelles and put a brief description next to each organelle. What are some major differences between these two types of cells:...
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