Notes for Exam 1

Notes for Exam 1 - Chapters 1 and 2 21:54- Sex- biological...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapters 1 and 2 21:54- Sex- biological characteristic (male or female)- Gender- cultural characteristics between male and female- Gender identity- how we look at ourselves- Gender role- expectations of male and female attitudes - Instrumental role- father is the breadwinner and leader- Expressive role- wife/mother cares for emotional well-being- Androgyny- wide range of both masculine and feminine qualities Theories:- Social learning theory- children learn their gender roles from parents, teachers, etc.- Cognitive development theory- - Self identification theory- kids become aware at age 3 that theyre a girl/boy Socialization in Schools- Gender and Stress More males commit suicide, but more women attempt Socialization o Men- tough up o Women- passive aggressive Conflict over gender roles Nature vs. Nurture- males develop certain traits that are functional for species Culture shapes gender roles- Gender Myths Girls are more social than boys Girls are more dependent than boys Girls have lower self esteem than boys Girls are more auditory, boys are more visual- Proven: males are more aggressive than women- Proven: boys excel in mathematic ability Chapter 3- Being Single (Book=Chapter 4) 1/11/11- Voluntary singles- want to be single- The older you get, the less likely you are to get married- Women who have never been married are more psychologically healthy- Men who stay single are more likely to suffer from depression and have higher suicide rates- Voluntary temporary single- choosing to be single now, with hopes of being married in the future- Voluntary stable single- dont want to get married- Involuntary temporary single- dont want to be single, want to get married- Involuntary stable single- widow/divorce- People with lower education and career goals tend to marry at younger ages- Some women with higher levels of education have a harder time finding men- Advantages of being single: More control Dont have to consult anyone More opportunities More experiences More opportunities for career- Disadvantages of being single: Loneliness and lack of companionship No one to share experiences with Fear of growing old alone No children or family- Married men are more likely to get a leadership position than a single man- Single women normally have an ambivalence towards being single as opposed to single men- Married people tend to be healthier and happier than singles- More people think its okay to live together before marriage- Only people who live together actually get married- Cohabitants: Less liberal Live in city Less religious Chapter 4- Dating (Book= Chapter 5) 21:54- If both people are physically attractive, or the female is attractive, then people think theyre a stable couple- Body dissatisfaction is greater than 60% in high school girls- Women look for mates with a good personality and resources over looks- Men tend to value looks over resources and personality...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2011 for the course FAD 2230 taught by Professor Byno during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Notes for Exam 1 - Chapters 1 and 2 21:54- Sex- biological...

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