Global Issues Notes - P erspectives on Population Growth...

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Perspectives on Population Growth (slide) (11/12/09) -Neo-Malthusian -Human reproductive drive will result in overpopulation and lead to poverty and war -Solution: abstinence, later marriage, contraception - Cornucopian -Technology will lead to new food sources -Market forces will lead to better resource management (population growth can be solution b/c More people will lead to more econ. Productivity and thus more economic growth) -Demographic transition model: -Growth will balance itself out as states/societies modernize -As societies industrialize and urbanize, death rates will fall, followed by a lag of declining fertility where population growth continues until norms shift from large- scale to small family ideals Problems with perspectives (slide) -Neo-Malthusian -Cultural attitudes slow to change and birth control policies can be problematic e.g. population control policies in China -Cornucopian -Technology and market forces can be the actual problem -DTM
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-Non-western societies on different trajectory and demographic transition model not universally applicable Solutions (slide) -Common themes connecting all perspectives: -Reduction of poverty -Improvement of life choices -Status of women -Increase sustainability of food production - Improve water quality State of the world’s population -Urbanization the increase in the urban share of total population - 20 th century: people living in urban areas increased from 220 million to 2.8 billion - Africa and Asia >Urban population will double between 2000 and 2030 > By 2030, the towns and cities of the developing world will make up 81 percent of urban humanity.
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(11/17/09) Urbanization (slide)
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course POLS 2401 taught by Professor Malbrough during the Fall '08 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Global Issues Notes - P erspectives on Population Growth...

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