Chem 481 Fall 2007Study Guide Exam 2Carbohydrates: Chapter 7 sections 1, 2, and 4 and 5 (read through to get the overall picture and to see how sugar structures play these various roles)Know general carbohydrate terminology i.e. D and L, anomer, epimer, hexose, aldose, ketose, hemi-acetal, pyranose, furanose, mutarotation etc. and how these relate to sugar structure and physical properties.Know structures of D-glyeraldehyde, D-Glc, D-Gal, D-Man, D-Rib, D-Fru, D-GlcNAc, Glucuronic acid (carboxylic acid at position 6), Gluconic acid (carboxylic acid at position 1), D-lactose, D-maltose, D-cellobiose, D-sucroseKnow structural features of amylose, amylopectin, glycogen, cellulose, and chitinBe able to identify structural features (sugars and their modifications i.e. amino groups carboxy groups gylcosidic linkages) of glucosaminoglycans Glycoproteins – be able to recognize the glycosidic link to the protein. i.e. α-N-GlcNAc on an Asn, β-O-GlcNAc on a Ser or Thr Lipids: Chapter 10 sections 1, 2, and 3.
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