400 - Answers to EXSC 400 Functional Anatomy and...

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Answers to EXSC 400 Functional Anatomy and Kinesiology Unit One: Introduction Page 3 1. anatomical position 2. frontal, sagittal, horizontal Page 5 4a. Central Nervous System 1) brain 2) spinal cord Page 7 5a. subject c. end, change d. beginning Page 9 6. between segments sagittal frontal, away back triplanar Unit Two: The Skeletal System Page 13 A 1. Support 2. Movement 3. Protection 4. Mineral Storage 5. Hemopoiesis B 1. Long 2. Short 3. Flat 4. Irregular 5. Sesimoid Page 15 a. 96%, endosteum inner reproductive layer, fibrous layer 1) articulating surfaces 2) insertion 1) Nutrition 2) Protection 3) Growth diaphysis Page 16 b. articulating ends compact, cortical, lamellar spongy, cancellous, trabecular
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stress lines longitudinal growth line fourth week prenatal, 25 intracartilaginous ossification 2. Osteon central canal, surrounded Page 17 parallel, long axis lacuna, osteocyte interconnected nutrients blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves right angles adjacent not maximum stress Page 19 29 8 Page 23 Sagittal Coronal Lambdoidal Squamosal parietal largest, last parietal, occipital 2 3 12 Page 25 Frontal, Zygomatic, Maxilla, Sphenoid, Lacrimal, Ethmoid and Palatine (orbital process) Page 27 a. body, centrum b. neutral, vertebral arch Transverse foramen Bifid Spinous Process flexion, extension Page 30 transverse, 1st 10th full, bodies, 1st, 10th, 11th, 12th Demi-costal 2-8 Page 31 (false ribs)
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(floating ribs) Page 42 neck, shaft 125° Femoral Anteversion 8 to 15° Unit Three: Peripheral Nervous System Page 51 one, anatomical, functional brain, spinal cord cranial cavity, vertebral foramen 1. sensory input 2. integration function 3. motor function 12, cranial nerves 31, spinal nerves 1. Somatic 2. Autonomic 3. Enteric Page 52 1. a. sensory head, body wall, limbs b. motor, skeletal muscles 2. a. viscera b. smooth muscle cardiac muscle, glands, adipose tissue c. sympathetic, parasympathetic 3. b. gastrointestinal tract superior, inferior Page 55 between, suboccipital above below union, ventral, dorsal all mixed dorsal root ganglion ramus ventral rami first four cervical neck, upper shoulder diaphragm last four cervical first thoracic ventral rami, trunks, divisions, cords, nerves Page 62 first four lumbar last thoracic
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lower abdomen, anterior, medial lower extremities largest, longest medial lower leg Page 64 last two lumbar, first four sacral lower back, pelvis, posterior thigh, leg, dorsal, plantar, foot common fibular, tibial deep, superficial fibular medial, lateral plantar sensory innervation, skin posterior roots dermatomes, segmental innervation C1 sclerotome myotome peripheral nerves Page 73 efferent
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course EXSC 400 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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400 - Answers to EXSC 400 Functional Anatomy and...

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