fam-1 - Personal Relationships, 10 (2003), 267282. Printed...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hostile, volatile, avoiding, and validating couple-conflict types: An investigation of Gottman’s couple-conflict types THOMAS B. HOLMAN a AND MARK O. JARVIS b a Brigham Young University and b The University of Texas at Austin Abstract Using two very different sets of survey data, we investigated Gottman’s (1994a, 1999) observational findings regarding couple-conflict types. We hypothesized that defensible couple-conflict types could be established using survey data based on an individual’s perception of the style he or she uses in couple-conflict situations. Furthermore, we hypothesized that membership type would be related to relationship quality indicators such as satisfaction, stability, communication processes, and affect regulation. Our results showed that survey data can reliably produce couple-conflict types similar to Gottman’s. We further found that, on satisfaction, stability, positive communication, and soothing, hostile couple-conflict types had the lowest mean scores and validating couple-conflict types the highest mean scores. The types related in the opposite manner to negative commu- nication, the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, and flooding. The other couple-conflict-type means—volatile and avoiding—are almost always between the extreme means of the hostile and validating couple-conflict types. Implications for research and practice conclude the article. John Gottman (1994a, 1999) developed the concept of couple-conflict types, grounded in his laboratory-based observational research. He found that couples in func- tional, high-quality, highly stable marriages have very different ways of handling conflict than do couples in dysfunctional, unstable marriages. He called these functional couples ‘‘regulated’’ and the dysfunctional couples ‘‘nonregulated.’’ The dif- ference between these two groups is that the nonregulated couples make frequent, ongoing use of highly dysfunctional interactional processes and the regulated couples do not. Whereas nonregulated couples are fairly homogeneous, Gottman found that there are several distinct types of stable, func- tional, regulated marriages. His research suggests three basic types of regulated couples: validating, volatile, and conflict- avoiding. The key variables that distinguish one type of functional, regulated marriage from another are the degree to which the couple members attempt to influence one another (use persuasion) and the timing of attempts to influence one another. The first purpose of the research reported here was to explore Gottman’s couple-conflict types with the use of survey data. Specifically, we wanted to see if the couple-conflict types Gottman observed in his laboratory could be identified using survey data. As Gottman pointed out, Most couples do not have access to a laboratory in which their videotapes can be coded by trained observers. Hence, it would be useful to discover a self-report cascade that has some margin of predict- ability. (Gottman, 1994a, pp. 112–113) Correspondence should be addressed to Thomas B. Holman, Marriage, Family, and Human Develop-
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course SFL 160 taught by Professor Brianwilloughby during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

Page1 / 16

fam-1 - Personal Relationships, 10 (2003), 267282. Printed...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online