PREEXISTENCE AND FOREORDINATION OF THE
We affirm, on the authority of Holy Scripture, that the Being who is known among
men as Jesus of Nazareth, and by all who acknowledge His Godhood as Jesus the Christ,
existed with the Father prior to birth in the flesh; and that in the preexistent state He was
chosen and ordained to be the one and only Savior and Redeemer of the human race.
Foreordination implies and comprises preexistence as an essential condition; therefore
scriptures bearing upon the one are germane to the other; and consequently in this
presentation no segregation of evidence as applying specifically to the preexistence of
Christ or to His foreordination will be attempted.
John the Revelator beheld in vision some of the scenes that had been enacted in the
spirit-world before the beginning of human history. He witnessed strife and contention
between loyalty and rebellion, with the hosts defending the former led by Michael the
archangel, and the rebellious forces captained by Satan, who is also called the devil, the
serpent, and the dragon. We read: "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels
fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels."
In this struggle between unembodied hosts the forces were unequally divided; Satan
drew to his standard only a third part of the children of God, who are symbolized as the
"stars of heaven";
the majority either fought with Michael, or at least refrained from
active opposition, thus accomplishing the purpose of their "first estate"; while the angels
who arrayed themselves on the side of Satan "kept not their first estate,"
rendered themselves ineligible for the glorious possibilities of an advanced condition or
The victory was with Michael and his angels; and Satan or Lucifer,
theretofore a "son of the morning," was cast out of heaven, yea "he was cast out into the
earth, and his angels were cast out with him."
The prophet Isaiah, to whom these
momentous occurrences had been revealed about eight centuries prior to the time of
John's writings, laments with inspired pathos the fall of so great a one; and specifies
selfish ambition as the occasion: "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the
morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou
hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of
God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will
ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be
brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit."
Justification for citing these scriptures in connection with our present consideration
will be found in the cause of the great contention—the conditions that led to this war in
heaven. It is plain from the words of Isaiah that Lucifer, already of exalted rank, sought
to aggrandize himself without regard to the rights and agency of others. The matter is set