THE BABE OF BETHLEHEM
THE BIRTH OF JESUS
Equally definite with the prophecies declaring that the Messiah would be born in the
lineage of David are the predictions that fix the place of His birth at Bethlehem, a small
town in Judea. There seems to have been no difference of opinion among priests, scribes,
or rabbis on the matter, either before or since the great event. Bethlehem, though small
and of little importance in trade or commerce, was doubly endeared to the Jewish heart as
the birthplace of David and as that of the prospective Messiah. Mary and Joseph lived in
Nazareth of Galilee, far removed from Bethlehem of Judea; and, at the time of which we
speak, the maternity of the Virgin was fast approaching.
At that time a decree went out from Rome ordering a taxing of the people in all
kingdoms and provinces tributary to the empire; the call was of general scope, it provided
"that all the world should be taxed."
The taxing herein referred to may properly be
understood as an enrolment,
or a registration, whereby a census of Roman subjects
would be secured, upon which as a basis the taxation of the different peoples would be
determined. This particular census was the second of three such general registrations
recorded by historians as occurring at intervals of about twenty years. Had the census
been taken by the usual Roman method, each person would have been enrolled at the
town of his residence; but the Jewish custom, for which the Roman law had respect,
necessitated registration at the cities or towns claimed by the respective families as their
ancestral homes. As to whether the requirement was strictly mandatory that every family
should thus register at the city of its ancestors, we need not be specially concerned;
certain it is that Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem, the city of David, to be inscribed
under the imperial decree.
The little town was crowded at the time, most likely by the multitude that had come
in obedience to the same summons; and, in consequence, Joseph and Mary failed to find
the most desirable accommodations and had to be content with the conditions of an
improvised camp, as travelers unnumbered had done before, and as uncounted others
have done since, in that region and elsewhere. We cannot reasonably regard this
circumstance as evidence of extreme destitution; doubtless it entailed inconvenience, but
it gives us no assurance of great distress or suffering.
It was while she was in this
situation that Mary the Virgin gave birth to her firstborn, the Son of the Highest, the Only
Begotten of the Eternal Father, Jesus the Christ.
But few details of attendant circumstances are furnished us. We are not told how soon
the birth occurred after the arrival of Mary and her husband at Bethlehem. It may have
been the purpose of the evangelist who made the record to touch upon matters of purely
human interest as lightly as was consistent with the narration of fact, in order that the
central truth might neither be hidden nor overshadowed by unimportant incident. We read