05_Cartilage and Bone

05_Cartilage and Bone - CARTILAGE AND BONE TISSUE Chapter 6...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CARTILAGE AND BONE TISSUE Chapter 6
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Review 5 types of connective tissue Bone Blood Cartilage Connective Tissue Proper Loose connective tissue Dense connective tissue
Background image of page 2
Types of Cartilage Hyaline Most abundant type Provides support through flexibility and resilience Trachea, articular cartilage, epiphyseal plate, fetal skeleton Fibrocartilage Contains thick collagen fibers Acts as a shock absorber Intervertebral discs, menisci of knee, pubic symphysis Elastic Contains highly branched elastic fibers Provides flexibility Auricle of the ear and epiglottis Hyaline Elastic Fibrocartilage
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Characteristics and Functions Characteristics Semirigid, weaker than bone Flexible and resilient due to elastic fibers and water content Avascular Receives nutrient supply through diffusion Functions Support soft tissues Articular surfaces for joints Provide a model for endochondral bone formation
Background image of page 4
Structure of Cartilage Chondroblasts Produce matrix of cartilage Chondrocytes Mature cartilage cells Reside in lacunae Extracellular Matrix Perichondrium Made of dense connective tissue Provides mechanical support and protection Perichondrium Chondroblast
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bone Osseous connective tissue Calcified extracellular matrix Calcium phosphate
Background image of page 6
Functions of Bone Support and protect Create framework of the body Protect many vital organs from injury and trauma Movement Serve as attachment sites for muscles Hemopoiesis (Hematopoiesis) Red bone marrow Storage of minerals and energy reserves Calcium phosphate Yellow bone marrow
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course PDBIO 220 taught by Professor Tomco during the Winter '09 term at BYU.

Page1 / 25

05_Cartilage and Bone - CARTILAGE AND BONE TISSUE Chapter 6...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online