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Outlines - Origins of World War I I. II. Puzzle: Why Did...

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Origins of World War I I. Puzzle: Why Did the Century of Peace Come to An End? II. Events Leading to World War I 10 Steps [See Supplement available on-line, return to PS 12 homepage] III. Answers #1 and #2: The “War Guilt” Debate A. The War Guilt Commission B. The Revisionist View —Harry Elmer Barnes IV. Answer #3: Decisions Under Unfavorable Constraints A. Immediate Causes: Four Decisions 1. Austria’s Response to Serbia 2. Germany’s Blank Check 3. Russia’s Full Mobilization 4. Germany’s Two-Front War B. Constraints on Choices —Sidney Fay 1. Nationalism 2. Militarization of Policy 3. Alliance System —Triple Alliance [Germany-Austria-Italy] —Triple Entente [France-Russia-England] N. B. Second Image versus Third Image
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Origins of World War II I. Background: Europe After World War I A. New nation-states in Eastern Europe B. Collapse of monarchies C. Limits on German power II. Answer #1: Deterrence Failure —Appeasement A. Nine German Assaults on “Versailles” 1. Withdrawal From League of Nations 2. Intimidation in the Saar Plebiscite 3. Repudiation of the Versailles disarmament clause 4. Remilitarization of the Rhineland 5. Intervention in Spanish Civil War 6. Anschluss with Austria 7. Demands for Sudetenland: the Munich Conference 8. Invasion of Bohemia-Moravia 9. Invasion of Poland B. The Other Axis Powers 1. Japan in Manchuria and China 2. Italy in Ethiopia (Abyssinia) III. Answer #2: Sources of Aggression A. Dissatisfaction with “Versailles” B. Hyper-nationalism C. Failure of Domestic Economies IV. Two Third-Image Models of Origins of War A. Crisis Spiraling Out of Control B. Failure of Balancing / Failure of Deterrence
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Origins of the Cold War I. Background: Major Changes at the End of World War II A. Defeat and occupation of the Axis Powers and their allies B. Decline of Britain and France as great powers C. Growing involvement of USA and USSR in European and Asian affairs II. From Collaboration to Confrontation: A. Disagreement Over Shape of Peace, 1945 ―Yalta and Potsdam Conferences B. Communization of Eastern Europe, 1945-1948 C. Growing Western Solidarity, 1947-1949 D. Division of Asia, 1945-1949 E. Direct East-West Confrontations, 1948 and 1950 III. Orthodox Answer A. Soviet Expansionism 1. Three Orthodox Explanations a. The Soviet Leader—Joseph Stalin b. The Soviet Ideology—Marxism-Leninism c. The Soviet system—Totalitarianism 2. Patterns of Soviet Expansion B. USA Response—“Containment” ―George Kennan [Mr. X]. Foreign Affairs , March 1947. IV. Revisionist Answer A. Soviet Security Interests in Eastern Europe B. Explaining American Expansionism 1. The American Leader—Harry Truman 2. American Political Culture—Paranoia about communism 3. The American system—Capitalism V. The Systemic Answer A. Bipolarization B. Power Vacuum on the Eurasian periphery
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Was 9/11 the End of a Long Peace? I.
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course POLI 12 taught by Professor Roeder during the Fall '09 term at UCSD.

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Outlines - Origins of World War I I. II. Puzzle: Why Did...

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