p11_lec03

p11_lec03 - Wood's "Insurgent" Theory 1....

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Wood’s “Insurgent” Theory 1 1. Sustained insurgency of repressed lower class 2. Reduced long-term economic prospects of elite 3. Elite split: some favor democracy, so long as there’s economic moderation 4. Democracy (with economic moderation) Compare with other theories: Only applies where strong class differences exist Inequality sustained by oppressive laws Sustained insurgency changes economy (not exogenous) & elites’ attitude towards democratization Democracy due to economic deal
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Questions about theory 1. What do insurgents want? Share of money? (a la A&R) Greater labor freedom or political rights? Both? If masses only want $$, they will be less likely to moderate economic agenda, and democracy is less likely 2. Does sustained insurgency always work? When/why can it fail? 3. How does sustained insurgency come about? Why do people join? How to overcome the free-rider problem ? If you’re among the masses, is it not better for others to be insurgents, while you stay home and “free ride” on their efforts… you get the benefits of the insurgent effort without the risk/costs Why don’t elites prevent momentum by “buying off” groups? 2
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El Salvador: Background High, persistent income inequality Colonial origins Sustained / increased by changes to assist coffee production (1860 - ) Land appropriation of ( indians’ ejidos) for coffee plantations Labor-intensive crop. Labor was lacking. Low international prices. Anti-vagrancy laws . Laborers who moved around would be imprisoned or force to work on public works Coincides with period of modernizing “Liberal Reforms” New national police (help to enforce laws and private property) Attempts to create El Salvadoran national identity & increase power of the state in rural areas 3
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p11_lec03 - Wood's "Insurgent" Theory 1....

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