p11_lec06

p11_lec06 - Israel's electoral system Knesset elected from...

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Israel’s electoral system Knesset elected from one electoral district than elects all 120 MK’s Parties run lists of candidates (with up to 120 candidates), voters vote for lists Party’s proportion of national vote proportion of 120 seats eg., 5% of vote 5% of the seats = 6 seats (Except there’s a 2% threshold) A party that wins X seats top X candidates on the list win Called “Closed list proportional representation,” voters cant change order of candidates on list, which is determined by party 1
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Results & Lists, 2006 Knesset Election Likud 1 Benjamin Netanyahu 2 Silvan Shalom 3 Moshe Kahlon 4 Gilad Erdan 5 Gideon Sa`ar 6 Michael Eitan 7 Reuven Rivlin 8 Dan Naveh 9 Yuval Steinitz 10 Limor Livnat 11 Natan Sharansky 12 Yisrael Katz Kadima 1 Ehud Olmert 2 Shimon Peres 3 Tzipi Livni 4 Meir Sheetrit 5 Avraham Moshe Dichter 6 Marina Solodkin 7 Haim Ramon 8 Shaul Mofaz 9 Tzachi Hanegbi 10 Abraham Hirchson 11 Tzvi Reichman 12 Gideon Ezra Labour 1 Amir Peretz 2 Isaac Herzog 3 Ophir Pines-Paz 4 Avishai Braverman 5 Yuli Tamir 6 Ami Ayalon 7 Eitan Cabel 8 Binyamin Ben-Eliezer 9 Shelly Yachimovitch 10 Michael Melchior 11 Matan Vilnai 12 Colette Avital Party / List Votes Vote % Seats Seats % Kadima 690,901 22 29 24 Labour 472,366 15 19 15.8 Likud 281,996 9 12 10 Yisrael Beitenu 281,880 9 11 9 Others… 49
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PR vs. Plurality PR : voters vote for lists. A list that wins 4% of the vote, gets ≈ 4% seats Plurality rule : candidate/list with the most votes wins the entire district US & UK: vote for candidates in single-member districts (SMDs) Lebanon: voters vote for lists in multi-member districts (MMDs) With plurality rule, if you think your favorite party/list/candidate has no chance of winning, you might prefer to vote strategically Sincere voting = vote for your favorite candidate/party/list Strategic voting = vote for a second- best option in order to “make your vote count” 3
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Strategic voting US Electoral College uses SMD-Plurality in states. Candidate with the most votes wins the state (and thus a number of electoral college votes) In Florida 2000, Nader voters preferring Gore could have voted strategically and changed the result Probably many Nader voters did vote strategically, giving meager 1.6% Nader voters preferring Bush to Gore could have also voted strategically to help Bush Florida 2000 Votes Vote % Bush (R) 2,912,790 48.8 Gore (D) 2,912,253 48.8 Nader (G) 97,488 01.6
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SMD-Plurality SMD-Plurality gives reason to vote strategically, but not everyone does It only makes sense to vote strategically if: a) You expect your favorite candidate to have little chance of winning b) You expect the race between other candidates to be close, and so voting strategically can make a difference in the outcome c) You like one of the “real” contenders more than the other(s) eg , Nader voters who are indifferent between Gore & Bush don’t vote strategically Florida 2000 Votes Vote % Bush (R) 2,912,790 48.8 Gore (D) 2,912,253 48.8 Nader (G) 97,488 01.6
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SMD-Plurality Candidate Poll How to vote?
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course POLI 11 taught by Professor Strom during the Winter '11 term at UCSD.

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p11_lec06 - Israel's electoral system Knesset elected from...

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