p11_lec07

p11_lec07 - Democratic performance: causes and consequences...

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Democratic performance: causes and consequences 1 INSTITUTIONS (Rules and structures) CONSEQUENCES Electoral systems Timing of presidential & legislative elections Executive Legislative structure (pres/parl/semi- pres/consociational …) Institutional combinations (e.g. “consensus” vs. “ majoritarian ”) #of parties in district Legislators represent parties or voters Government dominance over legislature Likelihood of majority in legislature for president’s party Likelihood of coalition/majority government stability, etc. Likelihood of democratic collapse Ethnic co-governance vs. changeability Policy conservativism vs. government responsiveness Etc.
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Lijphart’s argument: institutions types of policies & more Majoritarian democracies may be better for quick decision-making & stable parl. governments, but consensus democracies are better for: 2 Macro-economic performance Maintaining peace Electing women to legislatures and cabinets Voter turnout Voter satisfaction with democracy Income inequality Larger welfare states Environmental defense Evidence : a series of bivariate statistical tests (consensus-majoritarian index & each outcome variable) for 36 countries over 50 years
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Lijphart’s argument: institutions 3
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How good is “independent variable” (consensus/majoritarian indices)? Questionable coding decisions? If so, how damaging are these? How good are the “dependent variables” (voter satisfaction, macroeconomic performance, etc.)? How strong are the statistical relationships? Could they be spurious (i.e., merely coincidental, or caused by something else, such as years of democracy, culture, economic, etc?) Driven by a few observations? Any “selection bias” in the set of countries used? Even if data & analysis are believable,
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course POLI 11 taught by Professor Strom during the Winter '11 term at UCSD.

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p11_lec07 - Democratic performance: causes and consequences...

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