syntax_lab

syntax_lab - SYNTACTIC DEVELOPMENT Complex syntax can be...

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SYNTACTIC DEVELOPMENT Complex syntax can be difficult to examine through the use of spontaneous language samples because complex syntax can be rare. An ideal context for examining syntax is through the use of oral narratives and through analyses of written text. Nevertheless, for this lab we will examine children’s use of four syntactic structures (although there are other types of syntactic structures we could examine). questions negatives conjoined sentences embedded sentences Below is a table of the development of these syntactic structures. Again, we’ve used Brown’s Stages to chart development. Stage MLU APPROXIMATE AGE USE OF SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE Brown Stage I 1.00-2.00 19-26 months “what this” or “what that” “no” Simple syntactic structure with 2 words (object-action and object-location) Brown Stage II 2.00-2.50 27-30 months “where x” or “what x” “who x” “no, x” or “not noun”. simple syntactic structure (2 words +) Brown Stage III 2.50-3.00 31-34 months wh-questions (why, how, when) but inconsistent question inversion “you are happy?” “you happy?” “x not verb” x not noun” (negative is moved inside sentence and placed next to verb, but no productive use) Early infinitives (gotta+verb, wanna+verb, hafta+verb) Brown Stage IV 3.00-3.50 35-38 months conjoined sentences diverse set of Wh questions and Wh embedding, inversion of questions common If, so, but, because, when, and object modifying clauses Full infinitives (I want to go) Brown Stage V 3.50-4.00 39-42 months negation with lots of different auxiliaries (can’t, don’t, won’t wouldn’t). Grammatical structure of negation matches adult forms) sentences with both conjoined and embedded clauses, but these are rare. Brown Stage V+ 4.00+ 42+ months sentences with both conjoined and embedded clauses. Both subject and object modifying clauses
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EXAMPLES OF COMPLEX SYNTAX Questions : Any wh-question as well as yes/no questions. Are you happy?
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course COMD 2081 taught by Professor Domma during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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syntax_lab - SYNTACTIC DEVELOPMENT Complex syntax can be...

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