dialect_lab - ANALYSIS OF DIALECT During this lab...

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During this lab assignment, you will analyze the nonmainstream dialect use of one child, Tiger1 or Tiger2. Tiger1 is a white child and Tiger2 is an African American child. As you will see when you open your samples, we have already coded the samples to mark the utterances with nonmainstream dialectal patterns. Your job is to use SALT (explore utterances) to list the utterances with [D]. Then you need to fill out the table to get a frequency count of the types and tokens of each nonmainstream pattern. On the following pages, you will find descriptions of each dialect and a table for completing the analyses. Instructions for coding dialectal features: 1. Pick one of the samples (Tiger1 or Tiger2) to analyze. Using the ANALYZE menu, select the UTTERANCE CODE TABLES option and click on TABLE EXPANDED BY UTTERANCES. If you ask the computer to also list the line (transcript entry) that comes before and after each of these utterances, you will have the dialect gloss. The glosses you should help you fill out the table. Remember to click on INLCUDE ENTRY NUMBER, so you can complete the chart with the line numbers for the [D] utterances. If you were to do this analysis for your final project, you would need to generate the output yourself even though the transcript already has [D] codes in it. To generate the output, select ANALYZE, search and list all of the utterances that contain [D]. 2. Using the Table from the next few pages, write down the line number of each utterance that corresponds to the appropriate dialectal structure. Be careful as sometimes one utterance can contain more than one dialectal structure (e.g., “she don’t want none” contains agreement with don’t and a double negative). Use the numbers on your Table to describe the types of dialectal forms your child produced. Include in your description, the number of nonstandard dialect types, nonstandard dialect tokens, and the most frequent structure(s). Dialect types refer to the number of different types of dialectal structures produced. Tokens refer to the total number of instances a nonstandard form was produced. For example, if a child produced 4 double negatives and 2 pronoun substitutions, one would state that the child used 2 dialectal types and 6 dialect tokens. 3. An index of dialect density is determined by dividing the number of dialectal utterances by the total number of complete and intelligible utterances. Following work by Washington and Craig (1992), high dialect users produce nonstandard forms in 24 to 39% of their utterances, moderate dialect users produce nonstandard structures in 12 to 23% of their utterances. Low dialect users produce nonstandard forms in less than 11% of their utterances. Typically, if less than 10% of a child’s utterances contain dialect, you can use standard language sample analyses without modifications. Research has not been completed on the appropriateness of standard language analyses with speakers whose density of nonstandard dialect use is greater than 20%. Many argue, however, that
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course COMD 2081 taught by Professor Domma during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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dialect_lab - ANALYSIS OF DIALECT During this lab...

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