Chapter_1

Chapter_1 - COMMUNICATION ITS DISORDERS Chapter One...

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COMMUNICATION & ITS DISORDERS Chapter One
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Communication vs. Language Communication: Exchange of information A form of social behavior
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Communication vs. Language Language A system of symbols and codes used in communication A form of social behavior shaped and maintained by a community Language need not be spoken or oral; it may be non- oral (gestures, symbols, or both) (e.g., American Sign Language)
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Five Components of Human Communication Voice Articulation Language Fluency Hearing
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Voice The sound source for speech Produced in the larynx, a structure in the neck Larynx: Contains the vocal folds-thin folds of muscle that vibrate and produce voicing Resonance: The sound source is shaped or modified in the throat, mouth, and nose
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Articulation The movement of the speech mechanism to produce the sounds of speech Phoneme: A group of speech sounds Important for conveying differences in meaning (bat vs. mat) When you change a phoneme in a word, the meaning often changes Combine to form words http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3DT6ShMgsWc
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Articulation Each language has permissible combinations of phonemes Phonetics: Describes the production, perception, and classification of speech sounds Phonology : The study of speech sounds and sound patterns. Primarily concerned with broader rules and processes that govern sound patterns, their acquisition and use, and the knowledge that underlies the use of sound systems.
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Language There is no universally accepted definition of language Language may be defined either as a system of symbols and codes used in communication or as a form of social behavior that is shaped and maintained by a verbal community.
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Language Definitions One linguistic definition: Language is an elaborate
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Chapter_1 - COMMUNICATION ITS DISORDERS Chapter One...

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