ch8 - SHORT ANSWER Write the word or phrase that best...

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SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question Figure 8.1 Using Figure 8.1, match the following: 1) Periosteum. 1) 2) Articular cartilage. 2) 3) Joint (synovial) cavity. 3) 4) Synovial membrane. 4) 5) Fibrous capsule. 5) 1
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Figure 8.2 Using Figure 8.2, what type of axis does each joint have? A. Nonaxial B. Uniaxial C. Biaxial D. Multiaxial 6) Joint 1. 6) 7) Joint 2. 7) 8) Joint 3. 8) 9) Joint 4. 9) 10) Joint 5. 10) 11) Joint 6. 11) 2
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Figure 8.3 Using Figure 8.3, identify each type of synovial joint by name. 12) Joint 1. 12) 13) Joint 2. 13) 14) Joint 3. 14) 15) Joint 4. 15) 16) Joint 5. 16) 17) Joint 6. 17) TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 18) The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints. 18) 19) All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight. 19) 20) Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes. 20) 3
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21) 22) The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability. 22) 23) The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement. 23) 24) The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion. 24) 25) Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint. 25) 26) A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint. 26) 27) A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination. 27) 28) The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements. 28) 29) Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball - and - socket joints. 29) 30) Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion. 30) 31) The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint. 31) 32) The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint. 32) 33) The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity. 33) 34) Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris. 34) 35) A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids. 35) 36) A ball - and - socket joint is a multiaxial joint. 36) 37) Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion. 37) 38) Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa. 38)
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course MGMT 543 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at New Mexico.

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ch8 - SHORT ANSWER Write the word or phrase that best...

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