{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

ALD 320 - ALD 320 Lecture 1 1 Escape and Avoidance Learning...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ALD 320: Lecture 1 January 25, 2011 1. Escape and Avoidance Learning a. Escape: the process of acquiring a response that terminates an aversive stimulus (my dog ate my homework) b. Active avoidance: organism must actively make a particular response to void an aversive event (studying to avoid a failing grade) c. Passive avoidance: organism learns that not making a particular response allows them to avoid an aversive event (students who struggle with math rarely enroll in math) 2. Extinguishing Avoidance Responses (Reducing Fears) a. Often healthy, sometimes harmful b. Phobias are irrational fears, more than average c. Methods i. Extinction: stop completely, cold turkey ii. Counterconditioning or Systematic Desensitization: giving less and less each time iii. Prevent Avoidance Response: flooding, just as effective 3. Punishment a. Something that reduces the frequency of a behavior b. Punishment I (positive punishment) i. Presenting a stimulus after a response ii. Spanking or a failing grade c. Punishment II (negative punishment) i. Removing a stimulus after a response ii. Losing a privilege or being fined 4. Misuses of Punishment a. May suppress rather than eliminate behavior
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
b. May actually be reinforcing i. Behavioral contrast: behavior may increase in situation where it is not punished (going somewhere else to do what not allowed at home) c. Response-punishment contingency may be lost; one does not know what punishment is for (dog making a mess, hitting) i. Corporal punishment must be done with contiguity ii. Bullying example, fighting back d. May elicit undesirable emotional responses: screaming, less physical relationship, psychological punishment e. May lead to escape and avoidance behaviors f. May lead to aggression g. Does not show correct behavior 5.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern