GOV Exam 1 Notes - GOV Exam #1 Notes What is Democracy? 1)...

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GOV Exam #1 Notes What is Democracy? 1) The Core Principles of Democracy: Popular Sovereignty, Collective Autonomy, and Consent -democracy is not anarchy (total liberty) -rule for and by the people -popular sovereignty: people are only legitimate source of authority -collective autonomy: self-law, because you contribute you are bound by them, equal right of participation = equality before law -Democracy means that political rule is ultimately based on the consent of the citizens, considered as political equals 2) Additions and Qualifications a) Why communism’s imputed consent is not democratic -every individual is the best judge of their interest -must be based on empirical consent b) Why elections without choice are not democratic -right to contest, need opposition -limit popular sovereignty a little but not too much or it will abolish itself -cannot consent forever, renewable at intervals c) Why abdication of consent (Hitler) is not democratic d) Why limited citizenship (pre-1964) is not fully democratic 3) Models of Democracy: A Basic Classification -Direct vs. Representative Democracy -Direct: Athenian vs. Marxian -Representative: Liberal vs. Social Democracy
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II) Basic Classification Democracy is a political regime in which the possibility of undisturbed public contestation is guaranteed and in which political rule is ultimately based on the renewable empirical consent of the citizens, considered as political equals and defined in an inclusive way. 1. Direct vs. Representative a. Direct: citizens themselves made the decisions b. Representative: citizens authorize professional politicians 2. Athenian vs. Marxian 3. Social vs. Liberal III) Direct Democracy a la Athens 1. Guiding Principles a. Decision-making by the citizenry b. Perfect political equality: Greeks didn’t focus on elections, elections don’t provide equal opportunity, bribes, Greeks did drawings i. Banned leaders for five years (ostracism) c. Unlimited political authority: no higher authority above the people 2. Differences from Modern, Western Democracy a. Absence of individual rights and protection from opposition 3. Is direct democracy feasible in large modern states? a. Size, difficult to control, limited citizenship b. Technology and time c. Complexity of modern life 4. Should modern states strengthen some elements of direct democracy? (debate) a. Self-chosen extremists would claim office b. Advance common good Models of Democracy – II II) Representative Democracy
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1. Guiding principle: decision-making by representatives a. Way less citizen involvement b. “second best” c. deals with public affairs of community d. authorized by the citizenry, bound by their decision 2. How representation addresses the feasibility problems of direct democracy a. Left with the extremists (large scale) b. Cannot expect most citizens to follow political process, hence election 4 years 3. How much “freedom” for the representatives? a.
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course GOV 312 taught by Professor Weyland during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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GOV Exam 1 Notes - GOV Exam #1 Notes What is Democracy? 1)...

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