Transport - Transport Layer Protocols 1 Why do we need...

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1 Transport Layer Protocols
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Communication Networks © Kang Xi, Polytechnic Institute of NYU 2 Why do we need Transport Layer? IP layer: global addressing, hop-by-hop forwarding Transport layer: end-to-end (reliable) communication Distinguish packets to different applications based on the same IP address (TCP & UDP) End-to-end flow control and error control (TCP)
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Communication Networks © Kang Xi, Polytechnic Institute of NYU 3 Interface to Applications Multiple applications share an IP address through different ports IP TCP HTTP FTP Telnet 80 21 23
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User Datagram Protocol (UDP) Identify src/dst ports Length of the entire segment Checksum (optional, 0 means no checksum) Unreliable, not ordered, lightweight Communication Networks © Kang Xi, Polytechnic Institute of NYU 4
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Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) Identify src/dst ports Ordered packet sequence Retransmit upon losses Decrease transmission rate upon congestions Communication Networks © Kang Xi, Polytechnic Institute of NYU 5
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TCP Header Data Offset: The start of the TCP data (in 32-bit) Window: size of transmission window Urgent Pointer: data [sequence #, sequence # + urgent pointer] are urgent. The standard does not define how to process urgent data. Communication Networks © Kang Xi, Polytechnic Institute of NYU 6
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Communication Networks © Kang Xi, Polytechnic Institute of NYU 7 Framework of TCP Connection 3-way handshake Duplex Data Transfer Termination SYN SYN+ACK ACK FIN DATA ACK A B ACK FIN ACK
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