CS 6963 WK 4-International Organization on Computer Evidence (IOCE)

CS 6963 WK 4-International Organization on Computer Evidence (IOCE)

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Page 2 of 7 April 2000 Volume 2 Number 2
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Page 3 of 7 Digital Evidence: Standards and Principles Scientific Working Group on Digital Evidence (SWGDE) International Organization on Digital Evidence (IOCE) October 1999 Read about … I. Proposed Standards for the Exchange of Digital Evidence Introduction Purpose Organization Definitions Standards Comments II. International Principles for Computer Evidence Introduction IOCE International Principles Proposed Standards for the Exchange of Digital Evidence Scientific Working Group on Digital Evidence (SWGDE) Introduction The Scientific Working Group on Digital Evidence (SWGDE) was established in February 1998 through a collaborative effort of the Federal Crime Laboratory Directors. SWGDE, as the U.S.-based component of standardization efforts conducted by the International Organization on Computer Evidence (IOCE), was charged with the development of cross-disciplinary guidelines and standards for the recovery, preservation, and examination of digital evidence, including audio, imaging, and electronic devices. The following document was drafted by SWGDE and presented at the International Hi-Tech Crime and Forensics Conference (IHCFC) held in London, United Kingdom, October 4-7, 1999. It proposes the establishment of standards for the exchange of digital evidence between sovereign nations and is intended to elicit constructive discussion regarding digital evidence. This document has been adopted as the draft standard for U.S. law enforcement agencies. Back to the top Purpose The latter part of the twentieth century was marked by the electronic transistor and the machines and ideas made possible by it. As a result, the world changed from analog to digital. Although the computer reigns supreme in the digital domain, it is not the only digital device. An entire constellation of audio,
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Page 4 of 7 video, communications, and photographic devices are becoming so closely associated with the computer as to have converged with it. From a law enforcement perspective, more of the information that serves as currency in the judicial process is being stored, transmitted, or processed in digital form. The connectivity resulting from a single world economy in which the companies providing goods and services are truly international has enabled criminals to act transjurisdictionally with ease. Consequently, a perpetrator may be brought to justice in one jurisdiction while the digital evidence required to successfully prosecute the case may reside only in other jurisdictions. This situation requires that all nations have the ability to collect and preserve digital evidence for their own needs as well as for the potential needs of other sovereigns. Each jurisdiction has its own system of government and administration of justice, but in order for one country to protect itself and its citizens, it must be able to make use of evidence collected by other nations. Though it is not reasonable to expect all nations to know about and abide by the precise laws and rules of
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course CS 6963 taught by Professor Walterbruehs during the Spring '10 term at NYU Poly.

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CS 6963 WK 4-International Organization on Computer Evidence (IOCE)

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