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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Abnormal Psychology Click to edit...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/7/11 Chapter 2 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2011 Dr. Coles
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4/7/11 Ancient Treatment Stone Age trephining involved chipping away a circular section of skull The Edwin Smith and Ebers papyri indicate that the Egyptians used surgery and prayers 22 Historical Views of Abnormal Behavior
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4/7/11 According to early writings by the Chinese, Egyptians, Hebrews, and Greeks, abnormal behavior was often thought to be due to possession by good or evil spirits 33 Demonology, Gods, and Magic
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4/7/11 Hippocrates’ early medical concepts included: Proposing that mental disorders had natural causes Categorizing disorders as mania, melancholia, or phrenitis Associating dreams and personality 44 Hippocrates’ Early Medical Concepts
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4/7/11 Plato (429-347 B.C. ) Viewed psychological phenomena as responses to the whole organism Emphasized individual differences and sociocultural influences Discussed hospital care Aristotle wrote a lasting description of consciousness 55 Early Philosophical Conceptions of Consciousness
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4/7/11 Egyptians proposed a wide range of therapeutic measures Galen provided an anatomy of the nervous system Comfort was key to Roman medicine 66 Later Greek and Roman Thought
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4/7/11 77 Early Views of Mental Disorders in China China was one of the earliest developed civilizations to pay attention to and medicate mental disorders Emphasis on natural causes, such as Yin and Yang balance Chung Ching has been called “the Hippocrates of China” In the last 50 years, China has incorporated many ideas from Western psychiatry
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4/7/11
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