Pg. 19-54: The Long, Strange History of Psychoactive Drugs • first drug use was with opiates • valued not just for its calming/pain relieving effects but also for gastrointestinal illnesses and food poisoning. • In earlier times, opiate addiction was thought to be not that big of a problem/addition, similar to a tobacco. • Element of addiction did not become a social problem until 20 th century: this is mostly likely because it was taken orally, so it was harder to develop dependency then. • The smoking pipe and syringe made opiate addiction and dependency much more widespread and much more of a social problem. • By 1900, after the struggles w/ England for centuries, nearly 25% of the Chinese population was addicted to opiates. • Morphine was discovered in 1803 when a scientists isolated the most potent element of opiates • In the late 19 th century with the rise of tuberculosis, the need for a cough suppressant was high…scientists claimed to find it in diacetylmorphine, which
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