Caffeine - Caffeine Gahlinger 180 - 181 A little History:...

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Caffeine Gahlinger 180 - 181 A little History: - cultivated in China as tea in 3 rd century BC - distributed to England and then throughout the world - coffee bean cultivated in Ethiopia around 600AD - first consumed by chewing beans, then making a tea from the leaves - first served as the drink we know today in the 14 th century. Known as “wine of islam” - led to the start of coffeehouses in Europe. Americans preferred coffee in reaction to British custom of drinking tea - can cause dependence from as low as 100mg/day Julien 225- 231, 252 Basic Facts: - Most commonly consumed psychoactive drug - Found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolates - OTC drugs (NoDoz, Vivarin) contain pretty large amounts of caffeine (200mg) - The average consumer consumes a daily amount of 200 – 500mg (about 2 to 5 cups of coffee) Pharmacokinetics: - Oral ingestion = rapid + complete absorption - Blood levels significant @ 30-45 min, complete absorption in next 90 min. -
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Caffeine - Caffeine Gahlinger 180 - 181 A little History:...

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