ucsb psy 1

ucsb psy 1 - Social Phobia=Invovles an irrational fear of...

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Social Phobia=Invovles an irrational fear of being publicly humiliated Operant Learning=Type of learning where the outcome of an organisms behavior determines whether it will be repeated in the future Specific Phobia=Anxiety disorder characterized by irrational and persistent fear of a particular object or situation, along with a compelling desire to avoid it. Algorithm=a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem Bi-polar Disorder=a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania. Syllogistic Reasoning=Determining whether a conclusion follows from two statements that are assumed to be true. Belief Bias=the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid Thought Suppression=the conscious avoidance of a thought Preparedness Theory=the idea that people are instinctively predisposed toward certain fears Implicit Learning=learning without conscious awareness of what is learned Hallucination=a false sensory perception that seems to be real but for which there is not an actual external stimulus Exemplar Theory=a theory of categorization that argues that we make category judgments by comparing a new instance with stored memories for other instances of the category Availability Bias=items that are more readily available in memory are judged as having occurred more frequently General Anxiety Disorder=continuous state of anxiety, lasts a month or more. Shows 3 of the following: motor tension, autonomic hyperactivity, apprehensive, scanning Generalization=(psychology) transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis=the proposal that language shapes the nature of thought Ironic Processes of Mental Control=mental processes that can produce ironic errors because monitoring for errors can itself produce them Extinction=a conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned response becomes independent of the conditioned stimulus Schizophrenia=a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
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Dynamic Unconscious=an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces Dissociative Disorder=a disorder in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings Delusion=irrational, highly improbable belief Law of Effect=Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely Narcolepsey=attacks of sleep during wake activity Intermittent Reinforcement=an operant conditioning principle in which only some of the responses made
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course PSY 1 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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ucsb psy 1 - Social Phobia=Invovles an irrational fear of...

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