This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Ancient China Ancient China
A Secularized Civilization Built Secularized on the Foundation of the Family Unit Family Preceded by Xia “Dynasty” Agricultural based Shang Dynasty Shang Dynasty 1600 – 1027 BCE Yellow River Feudalistic Clans Ancestor reverence Loose central control Supremacy of family Government King and bureaucracy Strong semi-autonomous regions Shang Dynasty Shang Dynasty 1600 – 1027 BCE Secular emphasis Practical and earthly Education 1500 BCE Logographs Oracle Bones Several dialects, one written language Writing Shang Dynasty Shang Dynasty 1600 – 1027 BCE Art/Architecture Advanced stone and bronze work Palaces and forts Polytheistic Class-based Minor influence Religion Mandate of Heaven Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Rule by force Retention of strong semi-autonomous regions Well Field System Advanced bureaucracy Economics Wet rice Wet Mostly internal Semi-slavery Controlled by feudal lords Trade Innovative Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Canal system Horse harness Iron-tipped plow Fertilizer Fallow land Historians Poetry Calligraphy Literature Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Internal/External threats Internal/External Breakdown of central authority in 771 Breakdown BCE BCE Era of Warring States – 400 – 221 Era BCE BCE Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Confucius Kung Fuzi (551 – 479 BCE) Practical philosophy
Harmony Duty and humanity Relationships
Individuals Elderly to young Citizens and government Harmonious family Father figure king Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Rivals to Confucius Daoism In tune with nature Small government Human selfishness Mistrust of individual freedom Strong central control Legalism ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course ACCT 4050 taught by Professor Rodney during the Spring '11 term at University of Georgia Athens.
- Spring '11