Unformatted text preview: Ancient China Ancient China
A Secularized Civilization Built Secularized on the Foundation of the Family Unit Family Preceded by Xia “Dynasty” Agricultural based Shang Dynasty Shang Dynasty 1600 – 1027 BCE Yellow River Feudalistic Clans Ancestor reverence Loose central control Supremacy of family Government King and bureaucracy Strong semi-autonomous regions Shang Dynasty Shang Dynasty 1600 – 1027 BCE Secular emphasis Practical and earthly Education 1500 BCE Logographs Oracle Bones Several dialects, one written language Writing Shang Dynasty Shang Dynasty 1600 – 1027 BCE Art/Architecture Advanced stone and bronze work Palaces and forts Polytheistic Class-based Minor influence Religion Mandate of Heaven Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Rule by force Retention of strong semi-autonomous regions Well Field System Advanced bureaucracy Economics Wet rice Wet Mostly internal Semi-slavery Controlled by feudal lords Trade Innovative Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Canal system Horse harness Iron-tipped plow Fertilizer Fallow land Historians Poetry Calligraphy Literature Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Internal/External threats Internal/External Breakdown of central authority in 771 Breakdown BCE BCE Era of Warring States – 400 – 221 Era BCE BCE Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Confucius Kung Fuzi (551 – 479 BCE) Practical philosophy
Harmony Duty and humanity Relationships
Individuals Elderly to young Citizens and government Harmonious family Father figure king Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty 1027 – 221 BCE Rivals to Confucius Daoism In tune with nature Small government Human selfishness Mistrust of individual freedom Strong central control Legalism ...
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