Early%20Japan

Early%20Japan - Severed contacts Aristocrats ◦ Diminished...

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Land of the Rising Sun
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400 BCE – First established presence Korean roots Significantly mountainous 20% cultivatable land Southernmost island – Kyushu Wet rice culture Native religion – Shinto Animism with deity worship Similarities with Daoism No theology No sacred books No afterlife
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Clan culture – Yamato clan First and continuous emperors Feudalistic First central government Seventeen point “constitution” Buddhist and Confucian inspired Chinese political structure
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Governmental structure Influenced by Chinese model (i.e. Qin and following) Villages – foundational unit Administrative units (states) Bureaucracy Ministry Emperor Aristocratic domain Develops along feudalistic lines Shoen – tax-exempt land of aristocrats Civil War
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Fujiwara clan Buddhism expansion 710 – Nara 794 – Heian
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Unformatted text preview: Severed contacts Aristocrats ◦ Diminished bureaucracy ◦ Emperor figurehead ◦ Samurai Civil War Reestablished central government – Shogun Culture ◦ Aesthetic ◦ “Enjoy the moment” Repulsion of Mongols – 1281 CE Arts ◦ Beginnings of Japanese alphabet ◦ Novels Cultural Female Poetry ◦ Love of nature ◦ Haiku Painting ◦ Nature ◦ Portraits ◦ Calligraphy Buddhism ◦ More emphasis on faith (mystery religions) ◦ Pure Land Sect Chanting ◦ Nichean Nationalistic Chanting Immortality of soul ◦ Zen Strenuous meditation Self reliance Discipline Anti-intellectual Strain of resistance to Mongol invasion Loss of Shogunate power Daimyo – landed nobility Onin War (1467 – 1477 CE) ◦ Disintegration of Shogunate system ◦ Constant warfare...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2011 for the course ACCT 4050 taught by Professor Rodney during the Spring '11 term at UGA.

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Early%20Japan - Severed contacts Aristocrats ◦ Diminished...

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