Accounting lecture week 4

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April 20, 2009 Lecture Notes: The Death of Zhou Enlai and the Tiananmen Riot 1976 is a year of the greatest significance, marked the death of 3 of the great men of the Chinese revolution: Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, and Mao Zedong, there was a massive earthquake in Tangshan, official death toll was about 250,000, portends as the great of death men and earthquakes are seen as foreshadowing great events in nation’s history Today focus on Zhou Enlai, died January 8, 1976 He was diagnosed with bladder cancer in 1972, but Mao prevented him from getting treatment When one is trying to access the role of some of the main protagonists of CR, difficult to consider what one might have done under similar circumstances Gao had access to Zhou Enlai archives, accumulated material on Zhou and period of CR, he came to America, smuggled out notes, wrote a book, Chinese authorities tried to persuade them not to but he did His work is damming on two people, on Mao and way he persecuted Zhou in his last two years by denying him care and arranging for attacks on him by Gang of Four and Deng, it is also damming on Zhou, but damming in sense that it indicates that there were times where he might have done something different and stood up, and who knows what would have happened, but the point is that Mr. Gao on basis of materials from secret party archives, Gao believes Zhou Enlai was like Li Zhisui depicted him, at some point Zhou decided it was Mao who had the vision and will to lead the revolution to victory and he would serve the revolution best by being loyal to Mao and he carried this loyalty to extremes Zhou had been in communist revolution since the very beginning, he was at every major event in history of Chinese communist revolution, despite his moderate views on economic policy and struggle, Mao kept him because he knew he was loyal Mao knew he was desperately ill, Mao did not want Zhou Enlai to survive him, what Mao knew was, if Zhou Enlai survived him, the CR spirit would not, prevented him from getting treatment Zhou Enlai as prime minister was the most visible person in China, he was on the front page of the People’s Daily daily, he went on foreign trips, was a superb diplomat and politician, someone of enormous intelligence and ability Whereas Mao was the ultimate decision maker, Zhou Enlai got much of the publicity, Mao greatly recented the enormous press Zhou got in Western press over dealings with Nixon and Kissinger There were plenty of reasons why Mao might feel jealous of Zhou even though Zhou was his servant, during his illness Zhou was persecuted by both the Chairman and the Gang of Four Towards the end of Zhou’s life, the main he had served faithfully was persecuting him just in case he might survive The last words of Zhou were “I am not a traitor. I have always served the country. He was desperate his reputation should not be impugned after his death
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