ANTH1001TEST 1

ANTH1001TEST 1 - TEST 1 ANTH 1001 Jan.22 Anthropology [buzz...

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TEST 1 ANTH 1001 Jan.22 Anthropology [buzz words] To study in a Biocultural approach- look at relationship between biology and culture/ behaviors Holistic- look at whole individual; every aspect; influence of genes; what you believe in; everything Comparative- comparisons; similarities and differences Ethnocentrism- to look down on other cultures/people/beliefs; and thinking they should do it your way; judging them; it’s an attitude Cultural relativism – cultures viewed in themselves; meaningful and right for those people. Anthropologists strive for Fieldwork – a time when anthropologists is collecting data; can be in field or not Four subfields: {in America} – very broad; complement each other; overlap; hard to draw boundaries Linguistic Anthropology – language from a whole perspective; holistic; ex.: dialect studies; changing languages[dying out]; accents; communication Cultural Anthropology (sociocultural)- learned behavior; this is distinct from different group; often taught; evolutionary- it changes Archaeology- study of the past based on material remains of a culture Ex.) Pottery, tools, fabrics, architecture, anything left behind from a culture Academic Contract/ Cultural resource management - application of archaeological methods in situations where cultural resources are threatened Jan. 25 Biological/ Physical Anthropology- oldest sub discipline in the U.S. - Very broad - Osteology- study of skeleton; variations of skeleton; dise as es effecting skeleton - Evolutionary theory- chang e in g en etic population over time; range from chang e with population to shap e of skull in m od ern hu m an is changing; skull is g etting bigger a nd broader; facial structure h as chang ed; develop m e nt of a new hu m an species - Pale a nthropology- study of hu m a n evolution and the fossil record - Lucy- Memb er of family ho m end ay; 3.2 million years old - Primatology- study of primates - Hum an variations- hu m a n biological variation Scientific Perspective Science- process of understanding - A process of understanding the natural world/ hu m an/ hu m an b eh avior/ culture Scientific Method - Proble m Identified - Hypothes es Established - Data Collection (Experimentation) – want repe atability - Theory- h as a lot of d at a to support it/ assu m e it’s true; our b est und erstanding how so m ething works; can chang e with new d ata; self correcting Biases? - Scientist can be biast
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American Physical Anthropology Franz Boas- (1858-1942) considered father of American Anthropology - Idea of four subfields and combining scientific method credited to him - Trained a lot of well known anthropologist - Very influential Ales Hrdlicka- late 1869-1914 - Field anthropologist - Many ideas on human variations - Started the American journal of physical anthropologist and the American association of physical anthropologists History of Evolutionary Thought Charles Darwin- one of the most influential who has influenced our idea of the natural 
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ANTH1001TEST 1 - TEST 1 ANTH 1001 Jan.22 Anthropology [buzz...

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