CPChapter12

CPChapter12 - Chapter Twelve Expanding the Social World:...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/7/11 Chapter Twelve Expanding the Social World: Peers and Friends
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4/7/11 How Peer Interactions Begin: Developmental Patterns Interactions with peers shape children’s behavior at an early age Infancy: First Social Encounters Babies are responsive to each other by 6 months of age Social exchanges with mothers differ from those of peers
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4/7/11 How Peer Interactions Begin: Developmental Patterns Social Exchange Among Toddlers Ages 1-2: gains in locomotion and language Ages 2-3: main social achievement is ability to share meaning with others Types of play in preschool children Solitary, Parallel, Associative, Cooperative
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4/7/11 How Peer Interactions Begin: Developmental Patterns Social Exchange Among Toddlers Relationship : ongoing succession of interactions Early friendships: temporary and longer lasting Early friendships may not have same strength of psychological meaning as in
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4/7/11 How Peer Interactions Begin: Developmental Patterns Preschool and Elementary School Society Peer interactions increase Cross culturally: U.S. teens spend twice the time with peers as Korean and Japanese teens Age and gender affect peers’ choices Cross-gender friendships blossom in adolescence
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4/7/11 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 5-6 1-2 7-8 11-12 3-4 9-10 Expression of preference (percent) Age (in years) Preference for adult companions Preference for peer companions
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4/7/11 How Do Peers Help Socialize Peers’ socializing perspective Modeling behaviors – social imitation Teaching and reinforcing – peer pressure Social comparison and developing self Self-evaluation and self-definition Selecting a model for comparison
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4/7/11 Peer Acceptance Peer acceptance is Important to social development Has enormous significance to children
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course PSYC 2076 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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CPChapter12 - Chapter Twelve Expanding the Social World:...

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