PSYCH 2240 � Exam 2 Review

PSYCH 2240 � Exam 2 Review - PSYCH 2240 Exam 2...

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PSYCH 2240 – Exam 2 Review - Lexical Hypothesis : We can conceptualize personality through. ...something something Dark side. ..human language The Lexical Hypothesis*********************WILL BE ON THE EXAM -Natural language encodes important dimensions of behavior and experience -Search for terms people feel are most important to describe personality (of self and others) -Allport: 17,953 trait terms -Reduced to 5 (or 2? Or 3?) via factor analysis -Know the stages of Gordon Allport’s Developmental Stages, not necessarily the order, but know what happens in each of them 1
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-Know the difference between individual, common, and unique traits -Individual traits: Don’t need to know -Common Traits: characterize many people -Unique Traits (aka, personal dispositions): only possessed by one persons -Know what unique traits are versus common traits Common Traits : characterize many people -Nomothetic -Culturally similar -Can be reliably observed, extraversion, conformity, submissiveness, authoritarianism “not a true trait at all, but is merely a measurable aspect of complex individual traits” Unique Traits : only possessed by one person (replaced individual traits) -Real psychophysical units of personality -aka Personal Disposition -Literal, physical/biological traits (floating around in your head) -Allport did not believe in personality types 2
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-Cattell is not needed PEN Theory -Extraversion – how aroused the cortex is aroused; extraverts have low arousal, intraverts have high high cortical arousal and cannot stand more stimulation -Know these arousal affects -Neuroticism – individual whose autonomic nervous run wild -Psychoticism came later on in the theory (question for the exam) -Personality Coefficient (r < 0.3) -Know the 5 Factor Model (OCEAN) -Each of the big 5 are composed of 6 facets -Know the facets for the big 5 -Don’t worry about the hierarchical structure of it Neuroticism: Facets ******KNOW THE FACETS FOR EACH FACTOR -Anxiety -Hostility -Depression -Self-Consciousness -Impulsiveness -Vulnerability 3
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Extraversion: Facets -Warmth -Gregariousness -Assertiveness -Activity -Excitement-Seeking -Positive Emotions Openness: Facets -Fantasy -Aesthetics -Feelings -Actions -Ideas -Values Agreeableness: Facets -Trust -Straightforwardness -Altruism -Compliance -Modesty -Tender-mindedness Conscientiousness: Facets******KNOW THIS FACET -Deliberation -Competence -Order -Dutifulness -Achievement Striving -Self-Discipline 4
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Picture 2 -Study the chart of the Big 5 for High & Low Scorers Measuring the Big Five*******KNOW WHAT THE HIGH/LOW SCORES MEAN ABOUT EACH FACTOR Neuroticism: Facets******KNOW THE FACETS FOR EACH FACTOR 5
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-Know the primary causes of neuroticisms and extraversion/intraversion according to Issac PEN Theory –(Add this portion to the study guide) -Extraversion: Low cortical arousal -Introversion: High cortical arousal -Neuroticism: Excitability of Autonomic Nervous System controlling emotions
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PSYCH 2240 � Exam 2 Review - PSYCH 2240 Exam 2...

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