General Psych 4

General Psych 4 - General Psych Short-term memory & its...

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General Psych Short-term memory & its capacity – the part of memory that temporarily (for 2-30 seconds) stores a limited amount of information before it is either transferred to long-term storage or forgotten; about long enough to remember a phone number (7 digits) before you dial it Chunking – the process of breaking down a list of items to be remembered into a smaller set of meaningful units; A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER IS BROKEN DOWN THIS WAY Damage to frontal lobes causes – damage to the central executive part of the brain which causes trouble screening out irrelevant information from the environment; particularly troublesome for ADHD Recency and primacy effect – has to do with the serial position effect (the tendency to have better recall for items in a list according to their position on the list); the tendency to recall items at the beginning of a list is primacy effect ; the tendency to recall items at the end of a list is known as the recency effect ; forget the stuff in the middle Implicit memory – kind of memory made up of knowledge based on previous experience, such as skills that we perform automatically once we have mastered them; resides outside conscious awareness; riding a bike, driving Semantic memory – form of memory that recalls facts and general knowledge, such as what we learn in
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General Psych 4 - General Psych Short-term memory & its...

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