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Nicomachean Ethics 1 - NicomacheanEthicsI March26,2010...

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Nicomachean Ethics I March 26, 2010 - Nicomachean was Aristotle’s father - Plato’s ethics: largely intellectual/mental o If one is a soul and only accidentally connected to a body, and if body is  unethical, then intellectual virtues are the focus - Metaethical  o Meta meaning  beyond  and  with o Plato uses it meaning beyond o Aristotle uses it meaning with  ARISTOTLE: METHOD: Inductive Empiricism - Observe from behavior - Make law-like generalizations - Humans can – sense, eat, grow, reproduce, have language, deliberate, risibility  (ability to laugh) 1) Human nature      is the key to ethics/ Rational animality a. Universal secondary substances b. Potentials: animal and rational/ moral and intellectual values 2) Happiness      is everyone’s final cause (first cause) ultimate motivation a. Eudemonia      (happiness)   Eu meaning good, demon meaning spirit i. Human flourishing      is the final cause Final cause – motivation – to have a place to eat and write. WHAT does he want to  write for?          An intellectual and social virtue Material cause – trees, wood, nails
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Formal cause – idea of a flat surface, four legs
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