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Midterm History Study Guide

Midterm History Study Guide - Midterm History Study...

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Midterm History Study Guide *Check notebook for more notes Essays: strategic plan only study for 2 essays. There will be 2 essays on test and you have to choose one. - Answer every part of the question - 60% of grade - 8 short answers ONLY choose 4 (each one is 10%) - 3-5 sentences each: who, what, where (region, national, or specific), when (know the years), why is it significant. (This is important because…., relate significance to larger theme) Fourteenth Amendment : in April 1866, Joint Committee on Reconstruction proposed this Amendment and Congress approved. It stated that everyone born in the United States and everyone naturalized was automatically a citizen and was given all privileges and immunities guaranteed by the constitution. This even granted equal protection of the laws on the state and national level. It also stated that there would be penalties to any state that denied suffrage to any adult male inhabitant. It also prohibited former members of Congress or former federal officials who aided the Confederacy from holding any state or federal office unless they were pardoned by 2/3 of a vote. - This was under Johns plan of “Presidential Reconstruction” - This was important because this was the first constitutional definition of American citizenship and it gave African American males citizenship as well as white males. Congressional Reconstruction: - The Radicals Plan or the congressional plan started with Tennessee being readmitted. - 5 military districts were formed- a military commander governed each district and registered qualified voters (adult black and white males who weren’t a part of the rebellion. The voters would elect conventions to prepare new state constitutions, which including black suffrage. The new constitutions led to new governments. - In 1868, 7 out of 10 remaining Confederate States had fulfilled the conditions and were readmitted into the union. - 15 th amendment: forbade states and federal government from denying suffrage to any citizen on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. - The Tenure Of Office Act: forbade the president from removing civil officials without consent of the senate. This protected the job of the secretary of war. - Command of Army Act: prohibited the president from issuing military orders except through the commanding General of the Army, who couldn’t be relieved or reassigned without consent of senate. - This was all important because it started the change of the nation; it started the progress of the nation’s reconstruction efforts. All of these provisions also prevented the Johnson from interfering with their plans and prevented him from having too much of a say in anything. Presidential Reconstruction: includes Lincoln and Johnson - Plan for rebuilding the South
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- Lincolns plan was relatively lenient and Johnsons was even more lenient Grantism : General Ulysses S. Grant was America’s next step in Reconstruction. He took the Republican nomination and ran against Horatia Seymour from New York. Grant barely won the vote.
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Midterm History Study Guide - Midterm History Study...

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