Philosophy - Midterm Study Guide The following is a list...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Midterm Study Guide The following is a list of topics that you should be familiar with for the upcoming Midterm. NOTE: The exam questions will be drawn from the topics on this study guide. However, just because a topic is on the study guide does not necessarily mean that it will be on the exam, but there will be NO question on the exam that was not drawn from the topics on the study guide. What is the definition of philosophy that is being employed for this course? What are the two Greek words from which philosophy is derived and what are their meanings? Which philosopher wrote which works? o Examples : “The Value of Philosophy” (Bertrand Russell) “The Allegory of the Cave” (Plato), the Categories (Aristotle). What are the four primary branches of philosophy and what are they concerned with? What does it mean to say that truth is objective? How do necessary, impossible, and contingent statements differ? What is the difference between a posteriori and a priori knowledge? What is meant by rationalism/empiricism? How would you characterize the primary philosophers that we have examined thus far (Plato, Aristotle, Descartes)? What is the definition of validity? Make sure that you can distinguish valid and invalid arguments. What is an inductive argument? What is cogency? Be familiar with various types of logical fallacies, and be able to recognize examples of them. What is Plato’s theory of Forms and why did he consider it important for the possibility of knowledge? What are the primary characteristics of Plato’s Forms (as discussed in class)? What did Heraclitus, Parmenides, and the Sophists believe and how did the problems that they tried to address motivate Plato to develop his theory of the Forms? What is the doctrine of metempsychosis and how did Plato think that this was
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 100 taught by Professor Briancross during the Spring '09 term at Saint Louis.

Page1 / 4

Philosophy - Midterm Study Guide The following is a list...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online