233 test 2 - RESEARCH What did the Study Conclude?...

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Unformatted text preview: RESEARCH What did the Study Conclude? Discussion/Conclusion Section- Summarizes results- Compares results to past knowledge- Speculates about the meaning of results- What Else? o Implications for Practice Summary- A brief synopsis of study findings related to research question o Doesnt describe EVERYTHING that was found in the study- Highlights unusual/important findings Comparison- Discusses how the results fit and do not fit with previous knowledge o Are the results consistent with what has been found in the past? o Do the results fit with theoretical predictions? Speculation- The process of reflecting on the results of a study and offering some explanation for them- Alternative explanations for findings- Rationale for the authors judgments about the best explanation- Should be thoughtful and informed- Should connect to previous knowledge or theory- Is based on the particular authors knowledge of and selection of previous research and/or theory- Meaning of study always open to debate o Author will state, may explain could suggest- Expectations for section different o Quantitativegeneralization What common factors seem to affect recovery? o Qualitativeconceptualization What is it like to recover form abdominal surgery? Implications for Practice- Speculate on the meaning of the results of the study for practice- Read section carefully o Other meanings are possible Conclusions- Sometimes included in the discussion section- Includes o Limitations of the present study o Recommendations for further studies o Aspects of a study that seem evident and those that create uncertainty 1 Limitations- The sample: who was in the study- Study Design: overall plan of the study- Measures used: inconsistent or inaccurate- Methods: timing and procedures Recommendations for future research- Explicit- Implicit Can conclusions differ?- Absolutelymay differ depending on o Researchers familiarity with theory o Perspective taken in discussion o Interpretation Common Errors in research reports- Not including a complete discussion- Introducing new results or a confusing summary- Over-interpreting results- Drawing conclusions not directly related to question under study Clinical Decision Making- Discussion section gives us some ideas of what we might assess- Does it tell us how to assess them? o Would need to read more of the article Finding Evidence for Nursing Decisions Factors that Influence Clinical Decisions Making in Nursing- Organizational factors o National and local policies o Service/resource availability o Funding o Equipment o Time- Factors relating to patents and their families o Clinical circumstances o Co-morbid conditions o Preferences, values, beliefs, attitudes o Needs- Clinical Expertise o Formal education 2 o Accumulated knowledge o Past experience built on case by case basis o Most recent experience o Skill level- Beliefs, attitudes, values of the nurse- Tradition and routine o Religion and military o the way things are done around here...
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233 test 2 - RESEARCH What did the Study Conclude?...

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