Enlightenment outline

Enlightenment outline - Alex Farrell The Enlightment...

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Alex Farrell The Enlightment Chapter 19, pages 586-617 in textbook Aristocracy: “men best fit to rule” Dominant in 18 th century Europe Owned most of countries wealth Prominent members of the royal court Appreciation of high culture (classicism) Encounters with the Peasants: Central and eastern Europe: aristocratic control over rural peoples was oppressive determined where serfs lived, when and who they married, collected large taxes from serfs peasants brought their complaints against aristocracy before the village assemblies or they filed lawsuits Peasants begin to rebel o 1784-Transylvania: 30,000 peasants butchered noblemen and their families o Pugachev set out to destroy Catherine the Great and her nobility Bourgeoisie: Consisted of merchants, lawyers, dovtors, aritisans and shopkeepers High rates of literacy made them main audience of newspapers and books 18 th century: BECAME THE LEADERS OF MOVEMENTS THAT SOUGHT POLITICAL CHANGE Bourgeois critique of the Aristocracy:
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Enlightenment outline - Alex Farrell The Enlightment...

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