aa Health Issues Among Hmong

aa Health Issues Among Hmong - Health Issues for Hmong…...

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Unformatted text preview: Health Issues for Hmong… Pinzon-Perez Health Issues for the Hmong Population in the U.S.: Implications for Health Educators Helda Pinzon-Perez, PhD, CHES The author is affiliated with the Department of Health Science at the California State University of Fresno. Contact Author: Helda Pinzon-Perez, California State University at Fresno, Department of Health Science, M/S MH 30, 2345 East San Ramon Ave, Fresno, CA, 93740-8031; phone: 559-278-5329; fax: 559-278-4179; email: [email protected] Submitted January 26, 2006; Revised and Accepted June 14, 2006 Abstract The Hmong population in the US has grown since 1975. According to the 2000 US census, there are more than 160,000 Hmong living in the US. New waves of Hmong immigrants are re-settling in the US. Over 15,000 Hmong have come to the US from Thailand as refugees since summer 2004. California, Minnesota, and Wisconsin are the States with the highest Hmong populations in the US. Minneapolis, Fresno, and Sacramento are the metropolitan areas with the highest number of Hmong residents. Health issues such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B carrier status, asymptomatic splenomegaly, sudden unexpected nocturnal death syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder, injuries related to agricultural occupation, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, lower immunization rates, and cancer, pose major challenges for health education practitioners. Genetics, problems with access to health services, and diet-related issues appear to be important contributors for morbidity and mortality in this population. Although the Hmong born outside the US account for less than 0.5% of the foreign population in the US, they are an important group from a health education perspective. Key Words : Hmong, Cancer, Immigrants, Refugees International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 2006; 9:122-133 1 Health Issues for Hmong… Pinzon-Perez INTRODUCTION T he US Hmong trace their cultural ancestry as an ethnic minority in China. 1 They re-settled in the mountainous regions of Laos, Thailand, and North Vietnam and came to the US as political refugees because of their involvement as US allies during the Vietnam War. 2 The Hmong living in the US come primarily from Laos. More than 200,000 Hmong left Laos as refugees since 1975 and relocated in Thailand. From these, 90% have come to US. 3 Despite their increasing numbers in the US, little has been written about the Hmong in the US. A few studies focus on Hmong demographics and experiences with the educational system. 4-6 Others have emphasized gender issues, 7,8 family life, 9,10 and religious adaptation. 11,12 A dearth has focused exclusively on the health status of this population. 13-18 The purpose of this article is to discuss the health status of Hmong populations living in the US and the challenges they pose for the health education practice....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course HLTH 300 taught by Professor Randypage during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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aa Health Issues Among Hmong - Health Issues for Hmong…...

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