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Unformatted text preview: R E S E A R C H A R T I C L E Adolescents’ Sleep Behaviors and Perceptions of Sleep H EATHER N OLAND , MEd a J AMES H. P RICE , PhD, MPH b J OSEPH D AKE , PhD, MPH c S USAN K. T ELLJOHANN , HSD, CHES d ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Sleep duration affects the health of children and adolescents. Shorter sleep durations have been associated with poorer academic performance, unintentional injuries, and obesity in adolescents. This study extends our understand- ing of how adolescents perceive and deal with their sleep issues. METHODS: General education classes were randomly selected from a convenience sample of three high schools in the Midwest. Three hundred eighty-four ninth- to twelfth-grade students (57%) completed a self-administered valid and reliable ques- tionnaire on sleep behaviors and perceptions of sleep. RESULTS: Most respondents (91.9%) obtained inadequate sleep ( 9 hours) on most school nights of the week, with 10% reporting less than 6 hours of sleep each week night. The majority indicated that not getting enough sleep had the following ef- fects on them: being more tired during the day (93.7%), having difficulty paying atten- tion (83.6%), lower grades (60.8%), increase in stress (59.0%), and having difficulty getting along with others (57.7%). Some students reported engaging in harmful be- haviors to help them sleep: taking sleeping pills (6.0%), smoking a cigarette to relax (5.7%), and drinking alcohol in the evening (2.9%). Students who received fewer hours of sleep were significantly more likely to report being stressed (p = .02) and were more likely to be overweight (p = .04). CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate sleep time may be contributing to adolescent health problems such as increased stress and obesity. Findings indicate a need for sleep hygiene education for adolescents and their parents. A long-term solution to chronic sleep deprivation among high school students could include delaying high school start times, such as was done successfully in the Minneapolis Public School District. Keywords: child & adolescent health, emotional health, growth & development, sleep. Citation: Noland H, Price JH, Dake J, Telllohann SK. Adolescents’ sleep behaviors and perceptions of sleep. J Sch Health. 2009; 79: 224-230. Accepted on July 11, 2008 a High School Health Teacher, ([email protected]), Whitmer High School, Toledo, OH 43613. b Professor, ([email protected]), Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606. c Associate Professor, ([email protected]), Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606. d Professor, ([email protected]), Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606....
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- Winter '11
- The Land, Journal of School Health, American School Health Association