aa-48 - Global Health Survey Identifying Correlates of...

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Global Health Survey Identifying Correlates of Smoking in Chilean Youth Page International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 2009; 12:289-302 1 Using the Global-School-Based Student Health Survey to Identify Correlates of Smoking in Chilean Youth Randy Page , PhD 1 Author 1 is affiliated with the Department of Health Science at Brigham Young University. Contact author : Randy Page, Department of Health Science at Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84604, United States; Phone: 801- 422-1131; Fax: 801- 422-0273 ; Email: randy_page@byu.edu. Submitted May 19, 2009; Revised and Accepted November 18, 2009 Abstract Despite the fact that Chilean youth have the highest smoking prevalence in Latin America and among the highest adolescent smoking rates in the world, little research has investigated correlates of youth smokers in Chile. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify correlates of current smoking among Chilean adolescents. The sample consisted of 8131 students in grades 7º primary, 8º primary, and 1º secondary (basically ages 13-15) representing four of Chile’s regions who completed the Global School-Based Student Survey (GSHS). Logistic regression showed that the strongest predictors of smoking were involvement in health-risk behaviors. Smokers were likely to get drunk, use drugs, have sexual intercourse, and get into physical fights. They were also likely to miss school without permission. Other significant predictors were gender, grade level, parental tobacco use, parents’ awareness of free time, feelings of sadness/hopelessness, and participation in physical activity. The results indicate the need for more intense and varied smoking prevention efforts in Chile including parent-based interventions, taking into account psychosocial distress, and addressing the range of risky behaviors that co-occur with engagement in smoking behavior. Key words : Adolescents, Smoking, Adolescent Behavior, Health Promotion.
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Global Health Survey Identifying Correlates of Smoking in Chilean Youth Page International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 2009; 12:289-302 2 Introduction I t has been reported that Chile has among the highest youth tobacco smoking prevalence in the world. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), conducted from 1999 to 2001, reported that youth in Chile had the highest rate of smoking among youth in 43 countries around the world and the highest of the 24 countries in the Region of the Americas. 1 Youth smoking prevalence (current smoking) among students enrolled in schools aged 13-15 ranged from 36.1% in Valparaiso to 38.4% in Santiago and 39.6% in Coquimbo. The overall median per cent of current smoking across the 43 countries in the GYTS was 13.9%, so the prevalence rate in Chile was almost three times the median rate globally for the countries involved in the survey. More recent analysis of GYTS data collected from 140 countries between the years of 2000-2007 showed that there were only 8 countries where 30% or more of the youth 13-15
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2011 for the course HLTH 300 taught by Professor Randypage during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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aa-48 - Global Health Survey Identifying Correlates of...

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