Global Health Survey Identifying Correlates of Smoking in Chilean Youth
International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 2009; 12:289-302
Using the Global-School-Based Student Health Survey to Identify
Correlates of Smoking in Chilean Youth
is affiliated with the Department of Health Science at Brigham Young University.
Page, Department of Health Science at Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84604, United States;
Submitted May 19, 2009; Revised and Accepted November 18, 2009
Despite the fact that Chilean youth have the highest smoking prevalence in Latin America and among the highest
adolescent smoking rates in the world, little research has investigated correlates of youth smokers in Chile.
Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify correlates of current smoking among Chilean adolescents.
sample consisted of 8131 students in grades 7º primary, 8º primary, and 1º secondary (basically ages 13-15)
representing four of Chile’s regions who completed the Global School-Based Student Survey (GSHS).
regression showed that the strongest predictors of smoking were involvement in health-risk behaviors. Smokers were
likely to get drunk, use drugs, have sexual intercourse, and get into physical fights.
They were also likely to miss
school without permission.
Other significant predictors were gender, grade level, parental tobacco use, parents’
awareness of free time, feelings of sadness/hopelessness, and participation in physical activity.
The results indicate
the need for more intense and varied smoking prevention efforts in Chile including parent-based interventions,
taking into account psychosocial distress, and addressing the range of risky behaviors that co-occur with
engagement in smoking behavior.
Adolescents, Smoking, Adolescent Behavior, Health Promotion.