aa-66 - Determinants of Health - Healthy People 2020

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In This Section: What’s New for 2020 Foundation Health Measures How To Use HealthyPeople.gov About the Data E-mail Print Determinants of Health What makes some people healthy and others unhealthy? How can we create a society in which everyone has a chance to live long healthy lives? Healthy People 2020 is exploring these questions by: Developing objectives that address the relationship between health status and biology, individual behavior, health services, social factors, and policies. 1. Emphasizing an ecological approach to disease prevention and health promotion. An ecological approach focuses on both individual-level and population-level determinants of health and interventions. 2. About Determinants of Health The range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status are known as determinants of health . Determinants of health fall under several broad categories: Policymaking Social factors Health services Individual behavior Biology and genetics It is the interrelationships among these factors that determine individual and population health. Because of this, interventions that target multiple determinants of health are most likely to be effective. Determinants of health reach beyond the boundaries of traditional health care and public health sectors; sectors such as education, housing, transportation, agriculture, and environment can be important allies in improving population health. Back to Top Policymaking Policies at the local, State, and Federal level affect individual and population health. Increasing taxes on tobacco sales, for example, can improve population health by reducing the number of people using tobacco products. Some policies affect entire populations over extended periods of time while simultaneously helping to change individual behavior. For example, the 1966 Highway Safety Act and the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act authorized the Federal Government to set and regulate standards for motor vehicles and highways. This led to an increase in safety standards for cars, including seat belts, which in turn, reduced rates of injuries
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aa-66 - Determinants of Health - Healthy People 2020

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