qq-20 - The Problem: African American men have far higher...

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The Problem: African American men have far higher death rates from prostate cancer than any other racial or ethnic group. The death rate from prostate cancer is approximately 2.4 times higher in African American men than in white men. Your Job : You work for the Mississippi Department of Health. Based on the following information, what are some of the possible reasons for disparities related to prostate cancer in Mississippi? How can the disparities be addressed? Mississippi Demographics: * 20% of African Americans in Mississippi are uninsured (vs 15% of the U.S.) * 24% of African Americans in Mississippi smoke (vs 20% in the U.S.) * African Americans make up 37% percent of the population in Mississippi (vs 12% in the U.S.) * Earnings for white Mississippians in all county groups ranges from $22,000- $38,000. For African Americans, the range is $13,000 - $25,000. * 19.3% of people in Mississippi lived below the poverty level (2004) vs. 12.7% in the U.S. * 16.9% of people in Mississippi over 25 had a bachelors degree (2000) vs. 24.4% in the U.S. * 72% of adults in Mississippi were high school graduates (2000) vs. 80% in the U.S. * An African American baby boy born today in Mississippi can expect a shorter lifespan than the average American in 1960. * 17% of Mississippi residents are uninsured (vs. 15% of the U.S. population). Prostate cancer and African Americans African-American men have higher rates of getting and dying from prostate cancer than men of other racial or ethnic groups in the United States. An African-American man in his lifetime has about a: * 19 percent chance (1 in 5) of being diagnosed with prostate cancer. * 5 percent chance (1 in 20) of dying from prostate cancer ** Compared to an incidence rate of 1 in 6 and mortality rate of 1 in 35 for all American men. Pros tate Cancer - U.S. Incidence Rate by Race and Ethnicity, 1969–2004 Death Rates Number of Cancer Deaths per 100,000 Population by Race/Ethnicity, 2005 MS US White 193 183 Black 243 223 Other 134 112
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The Problem : Hispanic women have lower mammogram rates than non-Hispanic white women. Your Job : You work for the Starr County Department of Health in Texas. Based on the following information, what are some of the possible reasons for disparities related to mammogram rates in Starr County? How can the disparities be addressed? Starr County Texas Demographics : * 97% of the population is Hispanic * 90% speak a language other than English in the home * 35% of adults have a high school diploma (vs. 75% in Texas) * 34% of the county lives below the poverty level (vs. 16% in Texas) * 37.9% are uninsured Hispanics in the U.S. This ethnic group includes any person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. * Roughly 45.5 million Hispanics living in the United States (15% of the total population)
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qq-20 - The Problem: African American men have far higher...

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