Chapter 24 - Science: a method used to uncover and...

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Science: a method used to uncover and provisionally explain observations about the world Scientific Method -observe phenomena -formulate generalizations -produce casual hypotheses -test the casual hypotheses Two Fundamental Assumptions of the Scientific Method -a naturalistic explanation is sufficient to explain the universe- use real world evidence found in nature -the universe can be understood through logical and rational thinking Plato -2400 years bp -every organism created by God -they do not change over time -typological thinking: variation within species is not important Aristotle -2350 years bp -proposed that series were in a hierarchy with humans at the top -typological Lamarck -1750’s -first to propose evolution -Doctrine of Transformation: organisms change over time from one form to another -did not include extinction -lineages change by: internal forces, and inheritance of acquired characteristics such as individuals change over time and pass on characteristics such as tan,
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Chapter 24 - Science: a method used to uncover and...

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