Age_of_exploration_cont_11 - • Athualpa chief...

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Age of exploration cont. New world g (Zheng He, Henry the Navigator, Vasco da Gama) g Search to override “Middleman” g Christopher Columbus Financed by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain Famous 1492 g Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) and Cuba g Believed he was in East Indies Hoped to find better route to Asia Motivated by religion, glory, and greed 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas Spanish America g New World gold makes Spain richest nation in Europe g Spanish Empire g Natives exploited: Death: disease and conquered Encomienda system g Church criticizes treatment ( Bartolome de las Casas) g Black Legend (Spanish cruelty) Hernan Cortes and Mexico g Cortes invades/founds Vera Cruz in 1519 Guns, Germs, and Steel g Defeats Tabascans on coast g Forms alliance with native enemies of Aztecs (Montezuma) g (Totemac, Tlaxcala, Tolucan, Cholulans) g Cortes demands Aztec gold g Aztec rebellion but Aztecs defeated in 1520
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Pizzaro and Incas g Francisco Pizarro conquers Incas
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Unformatted text preview: • Athualpa chief used/betrayed-murdered • Disease g Hidalgos (like knights) • Came for land, gold, glory, spread Catholicism • Encomiendas g Silver (mainly) and Gold prospects real g Gold also fictional: • El Dorado, Cibola (De Soto, Coronado) Columbian exchange g Spanish brought • animals and foods (horses, cattle, sheep, chickens, hogs, citrus, wheat, barley, sugar cane, lettuce) g New World foods • (maize, beans, squash, potatoes, pumpkins, peppers, vanilla, chocolate) g Disease • Old to New: smallpox, measles, flu, black death, TB, typhoid • New to Old: VD, Syphilis Right to claim New World? g English, French, Dutch: • Claimed natives had not “used” the land and so no claim to it/ Savage/ no notion of “freedom” g European “freedom”: personal independence and ownership of private property g Spanish: • Claimed title by conquest and Papal authority...
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