Middle_ages_renaissance_8 - • Liberal Arts grammar...

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Middle ages-renaissance Middle ages i High Middle Ages: Secular Civilization Agriculture and population growth i Three-field system Feudalism (Feudal Compact/contract) i Lord (granter of land) i Vassal (recipient of land) i Army, court, “taxes/relief”, homage, knights, primogeniture i Peasants or serfs on land/ Manor i Fief (land) i Church i Rise of Towns and Commerce Long-Distance Trade i Ex. Venice Guilds i Ex. Wool New Social Element: the Bourgeois Banks Forms of punishment The medieval church i Reform Efforts and Corruption i Popes and Cardinals (Pope Nicholas II 1059) i Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085) Celibacy Pope/Emperor issues i Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) Council and the 7 Sacraments (grace to man) i Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination, Eucharist, Penance, Last Rights, Matrimony
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Liturgy and Mass Cult of the crucifixion, Mary, Saints Intellectual life i The founding of universities i By around 1200: Ex. Medical= Salerno Legal= Bologna Theology= Paris Oxford and Cambridge
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Unformatted text preview: • Liberal Arts: grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music • Stream of knowledge from Arabs (Greeks and mainly Aristotle) i Thomas Aquinas and scholastic philosophy i Language and Literature i Vernacular • Ex. Epics: i Song of Roland, Nibelungenlied • Troubadours • Realism and Satire: i Christine de Pisan: The Book of the Duke of True Lovers o Chaucer: The Canterbury Tales o Dante: The Divine Comedy 14 th century issues i Black Death (video last class) i Revolts and repression • Peasants i Hundred Years’ War • 1337-1453 • Between England and France i Dispute over crown House of Valois and House of Plantagenet (Anjou) • Joan of Arc (lived 1412-1431) i 1429/ vision/ victory at Orleans/ King Charles VII/ handed over to the English and burned at the stake • Ultimately French “win” • New weapons i Foot soldiers and archers, gunpowder...
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Middle_ages_renaissance_8 - • Liberal Arts grammar...

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