bread - • 2 The mixer then kneads the dough for about...

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Whole-wheat bread Facts Wheat and barley were two of the earliest plants to be cultivated. Flatbreads were popular with the Egyptians. Romans: A family's social and economic status could be determined by the bread they ate. White: high status Whole-wheat: low status Raw Materials 3 main ingredients: Grain, water, baker’s yeast Grain has three parts: bran (outer layer), germ (reproductive system), and the endosperm (inner core). Whole-wheat bread and rye consists of all three parts. White bread only has the endosperm Most of the nutrients are in the bran and germ. How bread is made -Grain mill: The harvested grain is grinded and then sold to bakeries -The bakery: 1. In the mixer, yeast and water are added to the flour. Other ingredients are added such as salt, sugar, gluten, and honey. Whole-wheat bread The growth of yeast produces gas bubbles (CO 2 ), which makes the bread rise. In a factory it takes about three hours to ferment the yeast.
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Unformatted text preview: • 2. The mixer then kneads the dough for about eight minutes. • 3. The dough is put onto a slide before it reaches the dough divider. Whole-wheat bread • 4. The dough slowly rolls through the divider and mechanical arms cut the dough at predetermined lengths. • 5. The dough is put on to a conveyor and is shaped into balls. • 6. Dough balls are floured so they will not stick before being molded. Whole-wheat bread • 7. The dough then goes to the molder, (rests here so yeast can act) where it is folded and rolled and put into pans. • 8. Dough pieces go through the prover at 42 degrees Celsius and 70% humidity. Then the dough is baked for 20 minutes at 255 degrees. • 9. Then the bread is placed on a conveyor to cool. Whole-wheat bread • 10. It goes to the slicer where vertical, steel blades slice the bread. • 11. The bread is finally placed in pre-printed bags. • Time to make bread is 5 hours....
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bread - • 2 The mixer then kneads the dough for about...

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