geology_5

geology_5 - Chapter 1: fundamental concepts cont. Earths...

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Chapter 1: fundamental concepts cont. Earth’s system and changes: System conditions: Open vs. closed systems System input-output analysis System changes : Types of changes, rates of changes, scales of changes, etc. Rates of change : Average residence time T = S/F (T: residence time, S: total size of stock, F: average rate of transfer) Environment influenced by three inter-related variables : 1) Earth: · rocks and minerals · origin, variety, distribution, and pollution of soil · causes of, distribution, and prediction of earthquake/volcanic activity · cause and prevention of coastal erosion and slope failure · mineral and water resources 2) Air: · composition and circulation · pollution by human activities · climate 3) Water: · distribution · movement and flooding · range in chemical composition · pollution by human activities · management Inter-relationship of atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere: H2O circulates freely among the : · atmosphere (as gas, e.g., vapor)
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geology_5 - Chapter 1: fundamental concepts cont. Earths...

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